How Do You Write A Dissertation Discussion Chapter?


  1. Step 1: Restate your research problem and research questions. …
  2. Step 2: Summarise your key findings. …
  3. Step 3: Interpret your results. …
  4. Step 4: Acknowledge the limitations of your study. …
  5. Step 5: Make recommendations for implementation and future research. …
  6. Step 6: Provide a concluding summary.

What goes in the discussion section of a dissertation?

The discussion chapter is where you delve into the meaning, importance and relevance of your results. It should focus on explaining and evaluating what you found, showing how it relates to your literature review and research questions, and making an argument in support of your overall conclusion.

How do you write a discussion for a chapter?

Discussion Chapter: Main Goals and Writing Approaches

To do this, follow three important suggestions: Answer those questions posed in the introduction (central research questions) Show how the answers are supported by the results. Explain how the answers fit relative to the existing body of knowledge about the subject.

How do you structure a discussion section?

The discussion section can be written in 3 parts: an introductory paragraph, intermediate paragraphs and a conclusion paragraph. For intermediate paragraphs, a “divide and conquer” approach, meaning a full paragraph describing each of the study endpoints, can be used.

How do you write a discussion chapter in a research paper?

  1. Interpretations: what do the results mean?
  2. Implications: why do the results matter?
  3. Limitations: what can’t the results tell us?
  4. Recommendations: what practical actions or scientific studies should follow?

How do you write a discussion for a literature review?

  1. Introduce the topic.
  2. Establish the significance of the study.
  3. Provide an overview of the relevant literature.
  4. Establish a context for the study using the literature.
  5. Identify knowledge gaps.
  6. Illustrate how the study will advance knowledge on the topic.

How do you write a discussion chapter in a PhD?

  1. Understand the objective of your PhD thesis. …
  2. Determine a clear structure. …
  3. Usage of grammar and tense. …
  4. Referring to hypotheses and literature review. …
  5. Evaluate your results and compare them with existing studies. …
  6. Understand the limitation of your research.

What is an example of discussion?

An example of a discussion is when two or more people disagree and decide to sit down and talk out their different opinions. … Conversation or debate concerning a particular topic. There was then a long discussion of whether to capitalize words like “east”. This topic is not open to discussion.

How long should discussions be?

A good rule of thumb is to aim for approximately 1500 words. When a discussion is too long, the reader often loses sight of the main message of the study. Therefore, to keep the reader engaged and provide a convincing argument, an attempt should be made to be as concise as possible.

How do you start a discussion in a research paper?

Begin by briefly re-stating the research problem you were investigating and answer all of the research questions underpinning the problem that you posed in the introduction. Describe the patterns, principles, and relationships shown by each major findings and place them in proper perspective.

How do you write a discussion report?

  1. Do Summarize Your Results and Outline Their Interpretation in Light of the Published Literature. …
  2. Do Explain the Importance of Your Results. …
  3. Do Acknowledge the Shortcomings of the Study. …
  4. Do Discuss Any Future Directions. …
  5. Do Decide Between the Active or Passive Voice.

How do you write results and discussion?

  1. Don’t repeat results.
  2. Order simple to complex (building to conclusion); or may state conclusion first.
  3. Conclusion should be consistent with study objectives/research question. …
  4. Emphasize what is new, different, or important about your results.
  5. Consider alternative explanations for the results.
  6. Limit speculation.

How do you write a discussion and results section?

  1. Direct the reader to the research data and explain the meaning of the data.
  2. Avoid using a repetitive sentence structure to explain a new set of data.
  3. Write and highlight your important findings in your results.
  4. Use the same order as the subheadings of the methods section.

How do you write a discussion and conclusion for a research paper?

First, restate the overall purpose of the study. Then explain the main finding as related to the overall purpose of the study. Next, summarize other interesting findings from the results section. Explain how the statistical findings relate to that purpose of the study.

How do you write a discussion for a qualitative study?

  1. Begin by discussing the research question and talking about whether it was answered in the research paper based on the results.
  2. Highlight any unexpected and/or exciting results and link them to the research question.

What is the difference between discussion and conclusion?

DISCUSSION provides the explanation and interpretation of results or findings by comparing with the findings in prior studies. CONCLUSION is to write the output of the work/ investigations in summarized form.

What is the difference between a literature review and a discussion?

The literature review outlines the problem, states what the literature says, and ends with your proposal. The results should contain no discussion at all. The discussion discusses only your results in relation to other findings.

How many words should a PHD dissertation chapter be?

Typical thesis chapters are 10 – 12,000 words long.

How long should dissertation discussions be?

Introduction (800 to 1,000 words) Methodology (1,500 to 2,000 words) Specific issues/debates. This should include two or three chapters, each addressing specific issues in the literature (4,000 to 5,000 words)

Can you introduce new literature in the discussion?

However, you should not introduce new research in the discussion section. Make sure that any studies you refer to in the discussion have been addressed in the literature review. And don’t be afraid to modify your literature review as your study progresses (every dissertation project will evolve as it goes on).

What should be included in a thesis discussion?

You can consider following this sequence: (1) refer to your research question; (2) provide the answer; (3) justify it with relevant results; (4) link your work to the work of others. Your discussion section is a review of your findings, and it should show you really understand them.

What is discussion method?

Discussion methods are a variety of forums for open-ended, collaborative exchange of ideas among a teacher and students or among students for the purpose of furthering students thinking, learning, problem solving, understanding, or literary appreciation.

What are the types of discussion?

  • Discussion Type Summary. Initial Ideas Discussions. …
  • Building Understanding Discussion. Purposes/Goals. …
  • Consensus Discussion. …
  • Consensus Discussion.

What is group discussion explain in detail?

Group Discussion or GD is a type of discussion that involves people sharing ideas or activities. People in the group discussion are connected with one basic idea. Based on that idea, everyone in the group represents his/her perspective.

How do you start a discussion paragraph?

A good discussion section includes analysis of any unexpected findings. This paragraph should begin with a description of the unexpected finding, followed by a brief interpretation as to why you believe it appeared and, if necessary, its possible significance in relation to the overall study.

How long should a literature review be in a 15000 word dissertation?

Basically the length of the literature review is dependent on the dissertation length. For instance, a dissertation that is 15000 words has a literature review of about 5000 words. However, sometimes you may be asked to do a short abstract/ proposal of up to 300 words.

How do you write Chapter 4 Results and discussion in qualitative research?

  1. Briefly re-state the problem statement, the purpose of the study and research questions.
  2. Tell the reader on the purpose of Chapter 4 and how you organised the ‘story’.
  3. Briefly describe the research design – whether you used ethnographic method, case study method and so forth.

Can you combine results and discussion in dissertation?

When writing a dissertation or thesis, the results and discussion sections can be both the most interesting as well as the most challenging sections to write. You may choose to write these sections separately, or combine them into a single chapter, depending on your university’s guidelines and your own preferences.

How many words should a discussion be?

Word Count
Discussion 2000
Discussion 1800
Theory Development 200
Conclusion 1500

How do you write a discussion text?

  1. The first sentence or paragraph describes the issue to be discussed. …
  2. Arguments for both sides are then presented in the following paragraphs.
  3. Points are backed up with evidence.

How do you discuss research findings?

  1. DO: Provide context and explain why people should care. DON’T: Simply rehash your results. …
  2. DO: Emphasize the positive. DON’T: Exaggerate. …
  3. DO: Look toward the future. DON’T: End with it.

Does discussion come before conclusion?

Your discussion is, in short, the answer to the question “what do my results mean?” The discussion section of the manuscript should come after the methods and results section and before the conclusion. … An explanation for any surprising, unexpected, or inconclusive results. Suggestions for further research.



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